Qualifying Factors for In Vitro
Infertility is a fairly prevalent condition that affects millions of American couples. While the condition
itself can be devastating news to potential parents, medical technology has evolved to offer a number of treatment
options. In vitro fertilization has become one of the most publicized alternatives to the condition of
infertility, but few people are aware of the small percentage of couples who qualify for the procedure. In
fact, medical professionals typically offer other methods of fertility treatments prior to recommending in vitro
procedures. Listed below are some common qualifiers for patients interested in pursuing in vitro
Health – The in vitro process itself involves an invasive procedure to extract eggs from the female and
subsequently re-implant the fertilized embryos. The procedure is deemed relatively safe, but it is not
advised for females who suffer from conditions that could react unfavorably to the procedure. Thus, doctors
due take into account the medical history of the female patient before making a recommendation.
Fertility – Because in vitro fertilization replicates the process of insemination outside of the body, it is
important that the female partner can produce healthy eggs, and the male partner can contribute quality
sperm. This is probably the most overlooked qualifier with in vitro fertilization. The procedure itself
is not a cure for infertility, but rather a treatment to aid in the process of conception.
Fallopian Tube Integrity – Pregnancy through in vitro fertilization is most often recommended for females with
fallopian tube disorders. Since the female eggs are fertilized by the sperm while in the fallopian tubes, the
integrity of the fallopian tubes plays an important role in successful conception. The process of in vitro
fertilization actually bypasses the use of the fallopian tubes. This can create an opportunity for successful
pregnancy in women with fallopian tube concerns.
Endometriosis – Endometriosis is a chronic condition that results in extra tissue building up outside of the
uterus. In addition to causing menstrual discomfort for the female, endometriosis also can create a hostile
environment within the female reproductive system that reduces the chance of successful conception. Patients
who suffer from endometriosis can experience success with in vitro fertilization, but it depends on the severity of
the condition and the availability of other treatment options.
In conclusion, in vitro fertilization is not designed to cure all infertility cases. It is more likely
that a doctor will initially prescribe other forms of fertility treatment (such hormone therapy) prior to
recommending this procedure. The best advice for couples seeking help with their fertility condition is to
meet with their doctor. There are numerous test and treatment options available that have proven successful
in the right conditions. Education is the first step in coping with infertility. By becoming aware of
the afflicting conditions and the possible treatments, patients can better prepare themselves for a successful